TOLEDO, Ohio (June 11, 2017) -- The ARCA Safety Initiative presented by G-Force and Motorsports Safety Group are joining the National Safety Council in its promotion of National Safety Month. Observed annually in June, National Safety Month focuses on reducing leading causes of injury and death at work, on the road and in our homes and communities.
For 100 years, the National Safety Council (NSC) has been the leading safety advocate preventing unintentional injuries and death. NSC’s mission is simple – Safety; at home, at work and on the road.
Motorsports Safety Group, led by Dr. Jason Cormier, supports National Safety Month, and offers the following reminder as the summer heats up.
Heat Illnesses can be Fatal
Did you know your body is constantly in a struggle to disperse the heat it produces? Most of the time, you're hardly aware of it – unless your body is exposed to more heat than it can handle.
In 2014, 244 people died in the U.S. from exposure to excessive heat, according to Injury Facts 2017, the annual statistical report on unintentional injuries produced by the National Safety Council. Heat-related illnesses can escalate rapidly, leading to delirium, organ damage and even death.
There are several heat-related illnesses, including heatstroke (the most severe), heat exhaustion and heat cramps. Those most at risk include:
Infants and young children
Individuals with heart or circulatory problems or other long-term illness
People who work outdoors
Athletes and people who like to exercise – especially beginners
Individuals taking medications that alter sweat production
Alcoholics and drug abusers
Heatstroke can occur when the ability to sweat fails and body temperature rises quickly. The brain and vital organs are effectively "cooked" as body temperature rises to a dangerous level in a matter of minutes. Heatstroke is often fatal, and those who do survive may have permanent damage to their organs.
Someone experiencing heatstroke will have extremely hot skin, and an altered mental state, ranging from slight confusion to coma. Seizures also can result. Ridding the body of excess heat is crucial for survival.
Move the person into a half-sitting position in the shade
Call for emergency medical help immediately
If humidity is below 75%, spray the victim with water and fan them vigorously; if humidity is above 75%, apply ice to neck, armpits or groin
Do not give aspirin or acetaminophen
Do not give the victim anything to drink
When the body loses an excessive amount of salt and water, heat exhaustion can set in. People who work outdoors and athletes are particularly susceptible.
Symptoms are similar to those of the flu and can include severe thirst, fatigue, headache, nausea, vomiting and, sometimes, diarrhea. Other symptoms include profuse sweating, clammy or pale skin, dizziness, rapid pulse and normal or slightly elevated body temperature.
Uncontrolled heat exhaustion can evolve into heatstroke, so make sure to treat the victim quickly.
Move them to a shaded or air-conditioned area
Give them water or other cool, nonalcoholic beverages
Apply wet towels or having them take a cool shower
Heat cramps are muscle spasms that usually affect the legs or abdominal muscles, often after physical activity. Excessive sweating reduces salt levels in the body, which can result in heat cramps.
Workers or athletes with pain or spasms in the abdomen, arms or legs should not return to work for a few hours. Instead:
Sit or lie down in the shade.
Drink cool water or a sports drink.
Stretch affected muscles.
Seek medical attention if you have heart problems or if the cramps don't get better in an hour.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers more information on heat-related illness in this FAQ.
The best way to avoid a heat-related illness is to limit exposure outdoors during hot days. Air conditioning is the best way to cool off, according to the CDC. Also:
Drink more liquid than you think you need and avoid alcohol
Wear loose, lightweight clothing and a hat
Replace salt lost from sweating by drinking fruit juice or sports drinks
Avoid spending time outdoors during the hottest part of the day, from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m.
Wear sunscreen; sunburn affects the body's ability to cool itself
Pace yourself when you run or otherwise exert your body